Oman is a rich country in biodiversity, with area of 309,500 sq Km and 3165 Km coast line that overlook The Arabian Gulf, Sea of Oman and The Arabian Sea. 15% of the country area is considered as mountains with the highest peak of over 3000 m at Jabal Shams.
Habitats range from the steep fjords of mountainous Musandam in the north, through deserts and vast shores with stands of mangroves, and extensive tidal mudflats and islands (Masirah being the largest) in the east to the afro-tropical forests and brackish khors (lagoons) of the southern Dhofar province. The main part of the country has a dry, desert-type climate with high humidity near the coasts in summer while the monsoon affects Dhofar during July-September when the province receives considerable rainfall; a prerequisite for the lush vegetation on the mountain slopes there.
The mean temperature for Muscat, the capital, is 25C in January and 36C in July, days with up to near 50C occur during the summer period. Salalah, the main city in Dhofar, experiences much cooler summers when the monsoon sets in. The seas off Salalah are deep and there is considerable up-welling there during the monsoon, which makes it ideal for marine life, not only pelagic species of birds but also for whales, dolphins and turtles. Both Humpback and Sperm whales can be seen along most of the Omani coast and there is also a record of Southern Elephant Seal from Dhofar.
Oman has around 1407 species of plants (42 of them are endangered) and 93 mammals' species have been recorded like The Arabian Oryx, Arabian Gazelle, Arabian Leopard, Arabian Tahr, Nubian Ibex and others. Five species of turtles have been recorded in Oman, green turtle, loggerhead turtle, hawksbill turtle, olive ridley turtle and Leatherback turtle.
Oman have recorded 528 species of birds (Oman Bird List Ed.7), a haven for birders. Dhofar has numerous good birding sites. Sea-watching from the coast, or by chartered boat, can be very productive after the monsoon with Bridled Tern, skuas, Jouanin's Petrel, Shearwater species, Red-necked Phalaropes in large numbers.
The mountain forests hold many afro-tropical species, such as African Paradise Flycatcher, Shining Sunbird, Yellow-bellied Green Pigeon, African Rock Bunting etc. Hume's Tawny Owl, Spotted Eagle Owl, African Scops Owl and Verraux's Eagle breed. Spotted, Steppe, Imperial and Bonelli's and Booted Eagles are common during the migration/ winter season and rarities such as Tawny Eagle.
The islands off Muscat (Sawadi, Fahal and Daymaniyah) hold breeding Sooty Falcons, Red-billed Tropicbird, White-cheeked Tern and Common Noddy is often present. Al Amrat rubbish dump near Muscat is a haven for close-ups of raptors. Large numbers of eagles (Imperial, Spotted, Steppe); Egyptian Vulture and Lappet-faced Vulture are always present at this smelly place. Tawny Eagle is a vagrant. Al Ansab wetland, Al Qurum Park are also great birding site in Muscat.
If one keen to travel a bit, Ras Al Hadd and Barr Al Hikman are also a world class birding site for migratory waders and sea-birds, thousands of waders stopping in their way south to feed up in a great inter-tidal wetland. species like, bartailed Godwit, Common Redshank, Dunlin, Crab Plover, Lesser Sand Plover and others shorebirds, Greater Flamingo, and egrets.
To experience such a natural beauty, birding experience and magnificent country, contact us. we provide a custom trips and daily trips at your wish, with experienced local guides. email us at firstname.lastname@example.org and explore the possibilities. cultural and camping trips could be organized.